In a recent study published in the journal JAMA Network Open, researchers performed a cohort study between January 1, 2020, and December 31, 2021, in British Columbia, Canada, to assess the association between severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and incident diabetes.
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In the study cohort, the incidence diabetes rate per 100,000 person-years was markedly higher in the exposed vs. unexposed group (672.2 vs. 508.7 incidents; 95% CI), with an overall adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 1.17. The authors noted an association between COVID-19 and an elevated risk of incident diabetes.
This large, population-based cohort study demonstrated that SARS-CoV-2 infection was associated with a higher risk of incident diabetes overall.